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Basketball: Officials Corner

NFHS.ORG - National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) publishes playing rules, serving its 50 member state high school athletic associations including the District of Columbia

MHSAA.COM - Michigan High School Athletic Association (MHSAA), place to go to register, obtain officials & school directory, and many other types of information.

NASO.ORG - National Association of Sports Officials (NASO), world's largest organization for sports officials at every level and all sports. Highly recommended if you officiate sports outside of MHSAA sanctions such as adult & youth leagues and AAU.

NFHS Officiating Central HUB NFHS Officiating Central HUB containtain a vast amounts of officiating information in all sports we officiate. Requires membership to NFHS for an annual fee of $35.

Referee Magazine Referee Magazine is an excellent source of information published monthly covering a wide range of topics for many of the high school sports we officiate including Basketball.

myReferee myReferee is an online officiating site sponsored by ArbiterSports & Referee Magazine, register is free.

- The Basketball Rules by Topics takes the NFHS basketball rules organizes them by category and provides officials with support information that helps you better to understand the rules and how to apply them. Not a substitute for the NFHS Rules & Case Book but does help in learning and understanding the rules better. Can be purchased through Amazon, Referee Magazine, and NFHS. There is also "Rules Illustrated" book that is excellent for first year officials.


Know Who You Are Talking To If necessary and you're uncertain, ask one of the players in the lay-up line prior to the game which individual is the head coach. That will help you approach the correct individual and get the game started on the right foot from the introductions.

Request a Game Video If you are going to request a game video from a school, it is best to make your request ahead of time, preferably via email. That way you don't come off as looking for a favor from a coach or game administrator on game night.

Pregame Tip Watching for pregame dunks is one of the duties of an official prior to a game, but for the most part officials are usually spread along the sideline and limited to warming up mentally. Good officials will program themselves for the game ahead by studying the key players on both teams and seeking out their tendencies. How do the post players make their spin moves? Do they post up vertically or are they going to be a problem because they're being tutored to get their knees under? How are the guards initiating their dribbles and are the perimeter shooters catching the ball while airborne or jump-stopping?


Concussions involving our student athletes remain a major concern with NFHS, MHSAA, and member schools. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal brain function. An athlete does not have to lose consciousness (be "knocked out") to have suffered a concussion. Officials must be vigilant in identfying common symptoms of concussion and act accordingly. Read more ...

Players directing celebratory actions toward opponents shall be interpreted as taunting and baiting, and penalized accordingly. "Playing to the crowd", attempting to increase attention for individual accomplishments rather than toward the game and team (PlayPic A) should be addressed. As in PlayPic B, all actions and reactions shall demonstrate appropriate sporting behavior.

Pregame Situatons Teams entering the gymnasium prior to the contest shall not run through the area occupied by the opposing team or under the basket where opponents are warming up. Gatherings intended to motivate a team after the warm-up period, during or following player introductions and postgame celebrations shall be performed in front of the team bench. If during the pregame or halftime warm-up period one team leaves the floor, the other other team may not use the entire court. Officials shall not permit any of these situations from occuring during their jurisdiction. It is not a technical foul, however if the offiicals feel any of these acts were intentionally deliberate may penalize accordingly.

Report any foul before beckoning substitutes. Beginning with 2011/2012 season, the official beckoning the substitutes into the game will sound his or her whistle along with a motion allowing that substitute to enter. The whistle along with the stop sign lets your partner(s) know you've got a substitute and not to resume play until all players have been counted. Keep the stop sign high and visible for your partner(s) to see.


Dribbler Contact In order to correctly officiate the play, you must be in position to see the action from start to finish. If your straightlined from any part of the defender or the offensive player's off-arm, you won't be able to see the entire frame of action. Get in position to see the play from a side view and not through either player's back or torso.

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